Source D In 1930, Sir Muhammad Iqbal, as president or the Muslim League, reiterated the importance of separate electorates for the Muslims as an important safeguard for their minority political interests.
What did Muhammad Iqbal think about the units of Indian society?
The units of Indian society are not territorial as in European countries. India is a continent of human groups belonging to different races, speaking different languages, and professing different religions. … The principle of European democracy cannot be applied to India without recognising the fact of communal groups.
What is Iqbal idea of communalism?
Communalism is based on the idea that religion is the principal basis of social community. … People of different religions cannot belong to the same social group. This is what Iqbal is saying that Muslims are different from Hindus, they cannot have same fundamental interests. They cannot be bound together as one nation.
Who demanded separate electorate?
Under British rule
Again, in the Round Table Conferences in 1930–32, the concept of separate electorates for the Untouchables (SC/ST) was raised by B. R. Ambedkar as a way to ensure sufficient representation for the minority SC/ST communities in the government.
Who gave the idea of Pakistan?
“Chaudhary Rahmat Ali The man who conceived the idea of Pakistan”.
What is two nation theory of Pakistan?
The two-nation theory advocated by the All India Muslim League is the founding principle of the Pakistan Movement (i.e. the ideology of Pakistan as a Muslim nation-state in the northwestern and eastern regions of India) through the partition of India in 1947.
What is communalism can you define it in different way?
Communalism is a political philosophy and economic system that integrates communal ownership and confederations of highly localized independent communities. … In particular, earlier communities and movements advocating such practices were often described as “anarchist”, “communist” or “socialist”.
What is communalism class 10th?
Communalism is a situation when a particular community tries to promote its own interest at the cost of other communities. Communal politics is based on the idea that religion is the principal basis of social community. … The followers of a particular religion must belong to one community.
What do you know about Allama Iqbal?
Muhammad Iqbal, also known as Allama Iqbal, is the National Poet of Pakistan. A poet, philosopher, politician, lawyer, and scholar, Iqbal was born on November 9, 1877, in Punjab, Pakistan, to Kashmiri parents and educated at Scotch Mission College in Sialkot.
Which report rejected the demand of separate electorate?
A committee was set up under Motilal Nehru. That committee prepared a report which is known as “Nehru Report”. This report demanded “Dominion Status” for India. Separate electorates were refused and the reservation of seats for the Muslims of Bengal and Punjab was rejected.
Why did the Dalits ask for separate electorates Class 10?
Dr B.R. Ambedkar, who organised the Dalits into the Depressed Classes Association in 1930, clashed with Mahatma Gandhi at the second Round Table Conference by demanding separate electorates for Dalits. … He believed that separate electorates for Dalits would slow down the process of their integration into society.
Who used word Pakistan first?
The “Pakistan Declaration” (titled Now or Never; Are We to Live or Perish Forever?) was a pamphlet written and published by Choudhry Rahmat Ali, on 28 January 1933, in which the word Pakstan (without the letter “i”) was used for the first time and was circulated to the delegates of the Third Round Table Conference in …
Who demanded Pakistan first?
Muhammad Ali Jinnah became disillusioned with politics after the failure of his attempt to form a Hindu-Muslim alliance, and he spent most of the 1920s in Britain. The leadership of the League was taken over by Sir Muhammad Iqbal, who in 1930 first put forward the demand for a separate Muslim state in India.
What was Pakistan called before?
The history of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan began on 14 August 1947 when the country became an independent nation in the form of Dominion of Pakistan within the British Commonwealth as the result of Pakistan Movement and the partition of India.