mihrab, Arabic miḥrāb, prayer niche in the qiblah wall (that facing Mecca) of a mosque; mihrabs vary in size but are usually ornately decorated.
What is a niche in Islamic prayer?
Description. The prayer niche (or mihrab in Arabic) is the focal point in the interior of a mosque, located in the qibla wall that faces Mecca, the holy city of Islam. Verses from the holy Qur’an, written in a form of Arabic script called thuluth, surround the mihrab.
What are minarets and Mihrabs?
Muadhan. Mosque Architecture: Minaret- The Tower Used by the Muezzin to Call for Prayer. Mosque Architecture: Mihrab – The Ornate Niche that Shows the Direction of Prayer. Mosque Architecture: Minbar- for Delivering Sermons.
Is there an altar in a mosque?
Mihrabs are a relevant part of Islamic culture and mosques. Since they are used to indicate the direction for prayer, they serve as an important focal point in the mosque. They are usually decorated with ornamental detail that can be geometric designs, linear patterns, or calligraphy.
What does Adhan mean?
The adhan (Arabic: أَذَان [ʔaˈðaːn]; also written adhaan, azan, azaan in Farsi, athan, and ezan in Urdu and Turkish, among other languages) is the Islamic call to prayer, recited by a muezzin at prescribed times of the day. The root of the word is ʾadhina أَذِنَ meaning “to listen, to hear, be informed about”.
What is inside a masjid?
The simplest mosque would be a prayer room with a wall marked with a “mihrab” – a niche indicating the direction of Mecca, which Muslims should face when praying. A typical mosque also includes a minaret, a dome and a place to wash before prayers.
What direction do Muslims face when praying?
In Islam the sacred direction is towards Mecca, or more precisely, towards the sacred Kaaba in Mecca. Muslims face this direction in prayer and during various other ritual acts. Muslim astronomers from the 9th century onwards dealt with the determination of the qibla, as the sacred direction is called in Arabic.
What is the difference between mosque and Masjid?
“Mosque” is the English name for a place of Muslim worship, equivalent to a church, synagogue or temple in other faiths. The Arabic term for this house of Muslim worship is “masjid,” which literally means “place of prostration” (in prayer).
Do mosques face Mecca?
In Islam the qibla is the direction that Muslims should face while praying. The qiblah is the direction facing towards the Kaaba in Mecca. … All six mosques have a similar orientation and each has a wall facing in a south-easterly direction – in the direction of Mecca.
What is a Wudu area in a mosque?
Wudu or Ablution areas are washrooms found in Mosques designated for the spiritual and ritual washing performed by Muslims before prayer. Muslims must be clean and wear good clothes before they present themselves and perform religious practises before God.
Why is a minbar important in a mosque?
Minbar is the pulpit in a mosque, placed next to the mihrab. … The minbar soon got an important function for communications through being the place where official proclamations were made. A minbar is considered as a good place for Baraka, blessings, and for giving oaths.
Why are minarets banned in Switzerland?
The Swiss Government
It believed a ban would endanger peace between religions and would not help to prevent the spread of fundamentalist Islamic beliefs. In its opinion, the Federal Council therefore recommended the Swiss people to reject the initiative.
What is the Adhan call to prayer?
The Meaning of Adhan
The Arabic word adhan means “to listen.” The ritual serves as a general statement of shared belief and faith for Muslims, as well as an alert that prayers are about to begin inside the mosque. A second call, known as iqama, then summons Muslims to line up for the beginning of the prayers.