Shia Islam holds that Ali ibn Abi Talib was the appointed successor to the Islamic prophet Muhammad as head of the community. Sunni Islam maintains Abu Bakr to be the first leader after Muhammad on the basis of election.
Who was the first ruler of the Muslim empire?
The Umayyads were the first Muslim dynasty, established in 661 in Damascus. Their dynasty succeeded the leadership of the first four caliphs—Abū Bakr, ʿUmar I, ʿUthmān, and ʿAlī. It was established by Muʿāwiyah ibn Abī Sufyān, a native of Mecca and a contemporary of the Prophet Muḥammad.
Who ruled the world the longest?
The Roman Empire is considered to have been the most enduring in history. The formal start date of the empire remains the subject of debate, but most historians agree that the clock began ticking in 27 BC, when the Roman politician Octavian overthrew the Roman Republic to become Emperor Augustus.
Who is caliph today?
The 5th and current Caliph of the Messiah of the Ahmadiyya Community is Mirza Masroor Ahmad. After the death of Ghulam Ahmad, his successors directed the Ahmadiyya Community from Qadian, India which remained the headquarters of the community until 1947 with the creation of Pakistan.
Which religion is the oldest?
The word Hindu is an exonym, and while Hinduism has been called the oldest religion in the world, many practitioners refer to their religion as Sanātana Dharma (Sanskrit: सनातन धर्म, lit.
Who believes in Allah?
According to the Islamic statement of witness, or shahada, “There is no god but Allah”. Muslims believe he created the world in six days and sent prophets such as Noah, Abraham, Moses, David, Jesus, and lastly Muhammad, who called people to worship only him, rejecting idolatry and polytheism.
Who wrote Quran?
The Prophet Muhammad disseminated the Koran in a piecemeal and gradual manner from AD610 to 632, the year in which he passed away. The evidence indicates that he recited the text and scribes wrote down what they heard.
What is the oldest country?
Who ruled the world first?
As far as we know, the world’s first empire was formed in 2350 B.C.E. by Sargon the Great in Mesopotamia. Sargon’s empire was called the Akkadian Empire, and it prospered during the historical age known as the Bronze Age.
Which empire killed the most?
1 Mongol Empire
Most ruthless conquerors, wanted to to rule whole world throughout their conquest wiped over 10% of global population killing, raping, destroying everyone and everything against them. Genghis khan is alone biggest killer and rapist in history 1/200 people descendants of hi..
Who is the fifth Khalifa in Islam?
ʿAbd al-Malik, in full ʿabd Al-malik Ibn Marwān, (born 646/647, Medina, Arabia—died October 705, Damascus), fifth caliph (685–705) of the Umayyad Arab dynasty centred in Damascus.
Who are the 4 caliphs in Islam?
The first four caliphs of the Islamic empire – Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali are referred to as Rashidun (rightly guided) Caliphs (632-661 CE) by mainstream Sunni Muslims.