Who are Shia Ithna Asheri?

Ithna’ashari (Twelver) Shi’a are estimated to comprise 28.4 per cent of the Lebanese population, in three principal concentrations: their two traditional heartlands in the northern half of the Biqa’a and Jabal Amil, the region east of Tyre; and in the southern suburbs of Beirut.

What does Ithna Asheri mean?

The Twelvers are by far the largest group of Shiite Muslims, because the Iranians are Twelvers. These 3 all belong to the Ithna-Ashari or mainstream Shia Islam, which believes in the 12 Shia Imams; hence the name which means “Twelver’s”. …

What do Shia Twelvers believe?

The Twelvers believe that, at the death of the Prophet Muhammad in 632 ce, the spiritual-political leadership (the imamate) of the Muslim community was ordained to pass down to ʿAlī, the Prophet’s cousin and son-in-law, and then to ʿAlī’s son Ḥusayn and thence to other imams down to the 12th, Muḥammad ibn al-Ḥasan, who …

What is ithna?

Quick Reference. Also known as Twelvers, since they recognize twelve imams, and Imamis, due to their belief in the necessity of an imam for establishment of an ideal Muslim community. Largest subdivision within Shii Islam. See also Shii Islam.

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Who do Shias worship?

Shia Muslims believe that just as a prophet is appointed by God alone, only God has the prerogative to appoint the successor to his prophet. They believe God chose Ali to be Muhammad’s successor, infallible, the first caliph (khalifah, head of state) of Islam.

Do Sunnis believe in the 12 imams?

For Sunnis, the “Twelve Imams” and the present-day Shiite Imams (e.g., “Ayatollahs,” or the “shadows of Allah”) are humans without any divine powers. They are considered righteous Muslims, and the Twelve Imams are particularly respected because of their relationship to Ali and his wife Fatima, the daughter of Muhammad.

Why is Shia different from Sunni?

After the death of Prophet Muhammad, Muslims had a disagreement; Sunnis believed that Muhammad’s successor should be Abu Bakr and Omar, and the Shias believed that his successor should be Ali.

What do Shias believe about the Quran?

The Shia view of the Qur’an differs from the Sunni view, but the majority of both groups believe that the text is identical. While some Shia disputed the canonical validity of the Uthmanic codex, the Shia Imams always rejected the idea of alteration of Qur’an’s text.

Are there Shia imams today?

The line of imams of the Nizari Ismaili Shia Muslims (also known as the Agha-khani Ismailis in South and Central Asia) continues to their present living 49th hereditary imam, Aga Khan IV (son of Prince Aly Khan). They are the only Shia Muslim community today led by a present and living (Hazir wa Mawjud) imam.

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Why are they called Twelvers?

The term Twelver refers to its adherents’ belief in twelve divinely ordained leaders, known as the Twelve Imams, and their belief that the last Imam, Imam al-Mahdi, lives in occultation and will reappear as the promised Mahdi.

Who are the Twelvers?

Twelvers are the followers of the 12 imams they consider to be the only rightful successors of the Prophet Muhammad, beginning with Ali ibn Abu Talib (600-661 CE), Muhammad’s cousin and son-in-law, and ending with Muhammad ibn al-Hasan (born 869 CE), the 12th imam who–according to Twelver belief–will emerge and bring …

What is the difference between Twelvers and Seveners?

Ismaili Shiites are referred to as Seveners because they disagree with Twelver Shiism over the selection of the seventh imam. At the end of the eleventh century another dispute over succession caused the Seveners to subdivide into the Nizari and the Mustali factions.

Can Shia marry a Sunni?

Mut’ah is a sensitive area of disagreement between those who follow Sunni Islam (for whom nikah mut’ah is forbidden) and those who follow Shia Islam (for whom nikah mut’ah is allowed). Shias and Sunnis do agree that, initially, or near the beginning of Islam, Nikah mut’ah was a legal contract.

Can Shia go to Mecca?

In 2009 a group of Shiites on their way to perform hajj pilgrimage (one of the five pillars of Islam that all able-bodied Muslims are required to perform once in their lives) in Mecca were arrested by Saudi religious police due to the involvement in a protest against the Saudi government.

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How many times do Shia pray?

Summary: 1. Shia Muslims pray three times a day and combine Maghrib and Isha salat whereas Sunni Muslims pray five times a day.

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