Two former Byzantine churches of Istanbul, the famed Hagia Sophia and the Church of the Holy Saviour in Chora, which served as museums for decades, have been converted to mosques in the space of a month. This has raised concerns. Istanbul’s Greek Orthodox community knows that more is at stake than these two monuments.
Is it allowed in Islam to convert a church into mosque?
It is related of the Arab commander Amr ibn al-As that he performed the salat (prayer) in a church and Zayd ibn Ali says regarding churches and synagogues, “Perform thy salat in them; it will not harm thee”, meaning that churches and synagogues can safely be used as mosques.
What Byzantine church was converted into a mosque under the Ottomans?
In 1453, after the Fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Empire, it was converted into a mosque. In 1935, the secular Turkish Republic established it as a museum. In 2020, it re-opened as a mosque.
|Location||Fatih, Istanbul, Turkey|
|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
Why did the Ottomans convert the Hagia Sophia into a mosque?
Turkey does not need another mosque. The main reason for Erdogan’s conversion of the Hagia Sofia was his desire to arouse Muslim passions for populist purposes in an Arab-Islamic world longing for a fresh awakening.
Was Hagia Sophia a church?
It was built as a Christian church in the 6th century ce (532–537) under the direction of the Byzantine emperor Justinian I. In subsequent centuries it became a mosque, a museum, and a mosque again.
What are the key features of a mosque?
The simplest mosque would be a prayer room with a wall marked with a “mihrab” – a niche indicating the direction of Mecca, which Muslims should face when praying. A typical mosque also includes a minaret, a dome and a place to wash before prayers. Each feature has its own significance.
Which country has no mosque and temple?
Slovakia is the only member state of the European Union without a mosque. In 2000, a dispute about the building of an Islamic center in Bratislava erupted: the capital’s mayor refused such attempts of the Slovak Islamic Waqfs Foundation.
Is Hagia Sophia same as Blue mosque?
Is Hagia Sophia the same as the Blue Mosque? It is called Sultan Ahmed Mosque, which is opposite the Hagia Sophia… They are two completely different and majestic structures standing opposite of each other in the same area.
Is Islam iconoclastic?
Islam has generally adopted a position opposed to the representational in secular art, and the exclusion of all figurative motifs from Islamic religious art is clear from the first, yet this attitude is not necessarily to be regarded as intrinsically iconoclastic in the true sense of the word; indeed, outside Arabia …
Who is the present ruler of Turkey?
Are Turkish people Muslims?
According to the government, 99.8% of the Turkish population is Muslim (although some surveys give a slightly lower estimate of 97%) with the most popular school of thought (madhab) being the Hanafi school of Sunni Islam. While there are also a minority of Sufi and non-denominational Muslims.
How many Turkish soldiers are in Qatar?
Currently, there are more than 3,000 Turkish soldiers in Qatar to help the Qatari citizens. The number of Turkish troops in Qatar could rise to 5,000 in the future.
What does the Hagia Sophia look like?
The Hagia Sophia, whose name means “holy wisdom,” is a domed monument originally built as a cathedral in Constantinople (now Istanbul, Turkey) in the sixth century A.D. It contains two floors centered on a giant nave that has a great dome ceiling, along with smaller domes, towering above.