This chapter discusses the introduction of Islam to the Caribbean, beginning with the African slaves followed by the East Indian indentured immigrants. Indian Muslims, though initially isolated from the wider society, have integrated successfully with the wider society especially during the post-independence period.
Who brought Islam religion to the Caribbean?
This acculturative process took place systematically throughout slavery and may have varied in intensity from one Caribbean country to another as Melville Herskovits observed. Islam was once more introduced to the Caribbean through the indentured laborers from India from 1845 to 1917.
Who brought Islam to Jamaica?
The first Muslims in Jamaica were West African Moors captured in the Reconquista sold as slaves to traders, and brought to Jamaica on ships. Bryan Edwards and Richard Robert Madden in their works written in the late 18th and early 19th century often wrote about the Muslim slaves of Jamaica and their situation.
What are the names of the two groups that make up Islam?
Shia and Sunni Islam are the two major denominations of Islam. They chose sides following the death of the Islamic prophet Muhammad in AD 632.
Why did Islam come to the Caribbean?
Islam, thus, first appeared in Jamaica not with the help of the so-called Islamic sword, but with Muslim slaves who were brought in chains by the European Christians. Thus Islam was introduced in the British Caribbean quite inadvertently by the European Christian slave traders.
What is the main religion in Jamaica?
Religion of Jamaica
Most Jamaicans are Protestant. The largest denominations are the Seventh-day Adventist and Pentecostal churches; a smaller but still significant number of religious adherents belong to various denominations using the name Church of God.
What God do Jamaicans believe in?
Rastafarians believe that God is a spirit and that this spirit was manifested in King H.I.M. Emperor Haile Selassie I. Rastafarians believe that Jesus was a direct descendant of King David and was black.
Why did Islam split into two groups?
War erupted when Ali became caliph, and he too was killed in fighting in the year 661 near the town of Kufa, now in present-day Iraq. The violence and war split the small community of Muslims into two branches that would never reunite. The war continued with Ali’s son, Hussein, leading the Shiites.
What are the 4 Mazhab in Islam?
The major Sunni madhhabs are Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi’i and Hanbali. They emerged in the ninth and tenth centuries CE and by the twelfth century almost all jurists aligned themselves with a particular madhhab. These four schools recognize each other’s validity and they have interacted in legal debate over the centuries.
What are the 72 sects of Islam?
- Sunni Islam.
- Shia Islam.
- Kharijite Islam.
Who brought Christianity to Jamaica?
While Christopher Columbus first came to Jamaica in 1494, the first European settlers from Spain arrived in Jamaica in 1509. They were all baptised Roman Catholics as Catholicism is almost synonymous with Spain, with 99 per cent of its population being baptised Roman Catholics.
Who brought Hinduism to the Caribbean?
Hinduism and temples in the Caribbean differ from that of India, because they are a reflection of a separate West Indian Hindu identity which no longer claims India as home. Roughly half a million East Indians were brought to the Caribbean through the indentured labor trade between the years 1838 and 1917.
Why does the Caribbean have such rich musical history?
The complex deep origins of Caribbean music are understood with a knowledge of Western Hemisphere colonial immigration patterns, human trafficking patterns, the resulting melting pot of people each of its nations and territories, and thus resulting influx of original musical influences.