What are the four sources of Sharī Ah Islamic law?

The primary sources of Islamic law are the Holy Book (The Quran), The Sunnah (the traditions or known practices of the Prophet Muhammad ), Ijma’ (Consensus), and Qiyas (Analogy).

What are the 4 sources of Sharee ah?

Traditional theory of Islamic jurisprudence recognizes four sources of Sharia: the Quran, sunnah (authentic hadith), qiyas (analogical reasoning), and ijma (juridical consensus).

What are the secondary sources of Islamic law?

According to Sunni schools of law, secondary sources of Islamic law are consensus, the exact nature of which bears no consensus itself; analogical reason; seeking the public interest; juristic discretion; the rulings of the first generation of Muslims; and local customs.

What are the principal sources of the Shari a?

The shari’a first and foremost is God’s law. It is based on the Qur’an, hadith and sunna as primary sources, and reasoning, consensus and analogy as secondary sources. Shari’a is formed through the application of these sources and the principles contained within them to all aspects of human life.

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What Haram means?

Haram (/həˈrɑːm, hæˈrɑːm, hɑːˈrɑːm, -ˈræm/; Arabic: حَرَام‎, ḥarām, [ħaˈraːm]) is an Arabic term meaning ‘forbidden’.

What is the meaning of Shari ah?

Sharia literally means “the clear, well-trodden path to water”. Sharia law acts as a code for living that all Muslims should adhere to, including prayers, fasting and donations to the poor. It aims to help Muslims understand how they should lead every aspect of their lives according to God’s wishes.

What are primary sources of Islamic law?

There are two primary sources of Islamic. law: Quran and Sunnah. Quran and Sunnah make up Shariah (pathway), the source of all principles of. Islamic law.

Is Islamic law written or unwritten?

Muslim law applies to Muslims only and does not apply to non-muslim. (b) Explain the functions and differences between legislation and delegated legislation. Legislation is written law.

What are primary and secondary sources of Islam?

Primary sources includes Quran and Sunnah while secondary sources includes Ijma, Qiyas, Ijtihad and Urf. … The second one, Sunnah. Sunnah is also equally important as Quran. From literal meaning, Sunnah means a clear path or a beaten track.

What are the types of ijma?


  • Ijazah.
  • Ijma.
  • Ijtihad.
  • Ikhtilaf.
  • Istihlal.
  • Istihsan.
  • Istishab.
  • Madhhab.

What is Qiyas as a source of Islamic law?

Qiyas, Arabic qiyās, in Islamic law, analogical reasoning as applied to the deduction of juridical principles from the Qurʾān and the Sunnah (the normative practice of the community). With the Qurʾān, the Sunnah, and ijmāʿ (scholarly consensus), it constitutes the four sources of Islamic jurisprudence (uṣūl al-fiqh).

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What is ijma Islamic law?

Ijmāʿ, (Arabic: “consensus”) in Islamic law, the universal and infallible agreement of either the Muslim community as a whole or Muslim scholars in particular. … In Muslim history, ijmāʿ has always referred to consensuses reached in the past, near or remote, and never to contemporaneous agreement.

What are the main points of Sharia law?

Among the primary aims of the Sharia are the achievement of justice, fairness and mercy. The five major goals of the Sharia are the protection of sound religious practice, life, sanity, the family, and personal and communal wealth.

What are the five categories of Sharia law?

The Sharia regulates all human actions and puts them into five categories: obligatory, recommended, permitted, disliked or forbidden.

What is ijma and its examples?

Ijma’ can only occur after the demise of Prophet (s.a.w) because he is the highest authority of Islamic Law at that time. EXAMPLE OF IJMA’ •1- THE COMPILATION OF AL-QURAN INTO A MUSHAF -AL-QURAN THAT HAVE BEEN COMPILE AND USE BY US NOWADAYS IS THE RESULT OF IJMA‘.

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