Islamic religious art differs from Christian religious art in that it is non-figural because many Muslims believe that the depiction of the human form is idolatry , and thereby a sin against God, forbidden in the Qur’an. Calligraphy and architectural elements are given important religious significance in Islamic art.
What are some characteristics that distinguish Islamic art from Western art?
A predominant characteristic of Islamic art is that it is nonrepresentational. Rather than representing images and figures as Western art does, Islamic art is comprised of geometric shapes and patterns. One of these is called the arabesque, which is an interweaving of floral, leaf and geometric designs.
Is Islamic art western?
How did the Islamic world influence Western art? … It has influenced the production of a wide range of works of art including ceramics, metalwork, photography, to name a few, but also extends more widely to include theatre, architecture and music.
How Islamic art influenced Western art?
Islamic influence can also be traced in the mainstream of Western medieval art, for example in the Romanesque portal at Moissac in southern France, where it shows in both decorative elements, like the scalloped edges to the doorway, the circular decorations on the lintel above, and also in having Christ in Majesty …
What is unique about Islamic art?
Islamic Art directly reflects its cultural values but also shows the unique Muslim view of life and all spiritual things. For Muslims, God is the center (Allah). … Therefore Islamic art developed a unique character of geometric, arabesque, floral, and calligraphic patterns which reflect on their aspects of balance.
What are the main characteristics of Islamic art?
Islamic art is often characterized by recurrent motifs, such as the use of geometrical floral or vegetal designs in a repetition known as the arabesque. The arabesque in Islamic art is often used to symbolize the transcendent, indivisible and infinite nature of God.
What are the three elements of Islamic art?
The four elements of Islamic decoration are: 1) calligraphy, 2) geometric designs, 3) floral and plant designs, and 4) sometimes human and animal figures.
What is considered Western art?
Western arts, the literary, performing, and visual arts of Europe and regions that share a European cultural tradition, including the United States and Canada. … The antecedents of most European arts lie in the artistic production of ancient Greece and Rome.
What color did Islamic art use mostly and why?
Because the elements of trust and faith are associated with this color, green is regarded as a sacred color for Muslims and people related it to the Prophet of Islam and his pure family (AS) .
What does Islamic art try to make beautiful?
So Islamic art focuses on the spiritual representation of objects and beings, and not their physical qualities. … For Muslims, beauty has always been and will always be a quality of the divine. There is a hadith of the Prophet Muhammad that says: “Allah is beautiful and he loves beauty.”
What influenced Islamic art?
Islamic art was influenced by Greek, Roman, early Christian, and Byzantine art styles, as well as the Sassanian art of pre-Islamic Persia. Central Asian styles were brought in with various nomadic incursions; and Chinese influences had a formative effect on Islamic painting, pottery, and textiles.
How does culture affect art?
Culture affects an artist’s artwork by proving them with a social context against why their work can be defined. All artworks are, to some extent, the products of their culture, and they reflect prevailing assumptions and beliefs.
What makes Greek art unique?
Ancient Greek art has as main characteristic have a high aesthetic idealism, is not a natural and direct reality representation, but an idyllic and perfect vision of the artistic mind instead, that is perceived and depicted by them in their different artwork platforms.
Is art Haram in Islam?
Art is not haram per se. The representation of Allah is forbidden, and many natural images are also forbidden. So basically Islam is against the creation of images of sentient beings. So you would not find many statues or portraits in the islamic world.
What shapes are used in Islamic art?
The four basic shapes, or “repeat units,” from which the more complicated patterns are constructed are: circles and interlaced circles; squares or four-sided polygons; the ubiquitous star pattern, ultimately derived from squares and triangles inscribed in a circle; and multisided polygons.
Why is Islamic art symmetrical?
Symmetry is created in Islamic geometric design through the repetition and mirroring of one or more basic design units—usually shapes such as circles and polygons. Although the design can be elaborated and made complex, the basic symmetrical repetition and mirroring of these shapes creates a sense of harmony.