From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Sharia, Sharia law or Islamic law is a set of religious principles which form part of the Islamic culture. The Arabic word sharīʿah (Arabic: شريعة) refers to the revealed law of God and originally meant “way” or “path”.
What is the meaning of Sharia in English?
The term sharia refers to a set of Islamic religious law that governs aspects of day-to-day life for Muslims in addition to religious rituals.
What are the main points of Sharia law?
Among the primary aims of the Sharia are the achievement of justice, fairness and mercy. The five major goals of the Sharia are the protection of sound religious practice, life, sanity, the family, and personal and communal wealth.
What are Shariah principles?
Sharia law is a religious law that lays down governing principles for spiritual, mental, and physical behavior that must be followed by Muslims. It categorizes all man’s acts into five distinct categories: obligatory, recommended, permitted, discouraged, and forbidden.
How do you use sharia in a sentence?
Sharia sentence example
Leaflets made the threat explicit: establish an Islamic state under sharia law or we will bring the country to its knees. That’s why sharia has harsh laws and punishments like stoning adulterers and whipping drinkers and gamblers.
What are the four sources of Sharia law?
The primary sources of Islamic law are the Holy Book (The Quran), The Sunnah (the traditions or known practices of the Prophet Muhammad ), Ijma’ (Consensus), and Qiyas (Analogy).
What is forbidden under Sharia?
The main practices that are prohibited are usury, ambiguity in contracts (gharar), gambling and games of chance (maysir), fraud, bribery, the use of false weights and measures, taking others’ property unlawfully, and transactions on prohibited (haram) things.
Can Muslims drink alcohol?
It is a well known fact that Muslims don’t drink alcohol. It is haraam, forbidden. They don’t eat foods with ethanol, they don’t wear perfumes containing alcoholic ingredients and they stay away from all forms of intoxicating substances . For most Muslims, alcohol is “haraam,” or forbidden.
What are the five categories of Sharia law?
The Sharia regulates all human actions and puts them into five categories: obligatory, recommended, permitted, disliked or forbidden.
What is sharia in history?
Classical sharia: the body of rules and principles elaborated by Islamic jurists during the first centuries of Islam. Historical sharia(s): the body of rules and interpretations developed throughout Islamic history, ranging from personal beliefs to state legislation and varying across an ideological spectrum.
Why is the sharia important?
Sharia law acts as a code for living that all Muslims should adhere to, including prayers, fasting and donations to the poor. It aims to help Muslims understand how they should lead every aspect of their lives according to God’s wishes.
What are the 6 main beliefs of Islam?
Muslims have six main beliefs.
- Belief in Allah as the one and only God.
- Belief in angels.
- Belief in the holy books.
- Belief in the Prophets… e.g. Adam, Ibrahim (Abraham), Musa (Moses), Dawud (David), Isa (Jesus). …
- Belief in the Day of Judgement… …
- Belief in Predestination…
Is Islamic banking really interest free?
What is Islamic Banking? Islamic banking is an interest free banking system and is governed by the principles laid down by Islamic Sharia’h. Commonly Islamic modes used for saving deposits is Mudharaba and Qarz for current deposits while Murabaha, Ijarah, Diminishing Musharakah and other modes used for financing.
Do banks in Saudi Arabia charge interest?
Islamic law prohibits charging interest as well as any usury (i.e., lending money at exorbitant or unlawful rates of interest). … But Islamic banks are still banks, which means they also seek to make profits for their investors.